Analisis Deskriptif ISPA pada Anak dan Balita di Pulau Moti

Marhaeni Hasan, Fera The

Abstract


Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) continues to be the leading cause of death in infants and children under the age of five throughout the world. ARI is responsible for the deaths of around 3.9 million children worldwide each year. It was reported that around 40% of total deaths from ARI around the world occurred in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, and Nepal. The results of the 2013 Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) report showed that the prevalence of ARI in Indonesia is still quite high at 25%. The highest prevalence occurred in infants (25.8%) and infants (22%). This study aims to determine the factors that influence the incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children 0-5 years on Moti Island. This study uses an observational study using a cross-sectional approach. The samples used were 100 people with an age range of 0-5 years. The data used in the form of a questionnaire. The results showed that education occupying the highest percentage was elementary school (SD) graduates, 38%, while the percentage according to employment was as follows, the highest percentage was housewives (83%), the majority of toddlers born weighing over 2500 grams (89%), complete immunization 81%, exclusive breastfeeding has also reached 76%, 81% of these toddlers live in families who have smoking habits, 79% of respondents still use fuel, 80% of parents whose environment around the house is dusty. The conclusion that can be drawn is the risk factors that most influence the incidence of ARI in infants on Moti Island are environmental factors, namely the level of occupancy density, dusty house conditions, the use of firewood as fuel for cooking, and smoking habits of family members in the house.

Keywords


Acute respiratory infection, descriptive, toddler, moti island

References


Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Maluku Utara. 2014. Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Maluku Utara Tahun 2014. Dinkes Provinsi Malut, Ternate

Goel, K., Ahmad, S., Agarwal, G., Goel, P., & Kumar, V. (2012). A Cross Sectional Study on Prevalence of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) in Under-five Children of Meerut District. India. J Comm Med Health Educ, 2(9), 176.

Harisun, E., Conoras, M. A. M. S., & Darwis, M. (2019). Identifikasi dan Penanganan Kawasan Kumuh pada Kelurahan Makassar Timur. TECHNO: Jurnal Penelitian, 8(1), 259–270.

Jamison, D. T., Breman, J. G., Measham, A. R., Alleyne, G., Claeson, M., Evans, D. B., Jha, P., Mills, A., & Musgrove, P. (2006). Disease control priorities in developing countries. The World Bank.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2013. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kemenkes RI, Jakarta.

Laporan Tahunan Puskesmas Pulau Moti Tahun 2017-2019

Laporan Penyakit dengan Kasus Tertinggi di Puskesmas Moti tahun 2017-2019

Lebuan, A. W., & Somia, A. (2014). Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut Pada Siswa Taman Kanak-Kanak di Kelurahan Dangin Puri Kecamatan Denpasar Timur Tahun 2014. E-Jurnal Medika Udayana, 6(6).

Marciniuk, D., Ferkol, T., Nana, A., de Oca, M. M., Rabe, K., Billo, N., & Zar, H. (2014). Respiratory Diseases in the World. Realities of today--opportunities for tomorrow. African Journal of Respiratory Medicine Vol, 9(1).

Mucia, M., Salvago, P., Brancato, A., Cannizzaro, C., Cannizzaro, E., Gallina, S., Ferrara, S., La Mattina, E., Mule, A., Plescia, F., & others. (2015). Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: From Case History to Management. Acta Medica Mediterranea, 31(2), 419–424.

Novesar, A. R., Darwin, E., & Yani, F. F. (2014). Pola Kejadian ISPA pada Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Anak Air Padang Tahun 2012. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas, 3(3).

Rahman, R., & Ma’wa, S. N. (2015). Pemetaan Penyakit Berbasis Lingkungan Di Pulau Saugi Kabupaten Pangkep. Healthy Tadulako Journal (Jurnal Kesehatan Tadulako), 1(2), 72–78.

Riset Kesehatan Dasar. 2013. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian RI

Sari, N. I., & Ardianti, A. (2017). Hubungan Umur dan Jenis Kelamin Terhadap Kejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) pada Balita di Puskesmas Tembilahan Hulu. An-Nadaa: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 4(1), 26–30.

Solomon, O., Odu, O., Amu, E., Solomon, O., Bamidele, J., Emmanuel, E., & Parakoyi, B. D. (2018). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Acute Respiratory Infection Among Under Fives in Rural Communities of Ekiti State Nigeria. Global Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 7(1), 12.

Taksande, A. M., & Yeole, M. (2015). Risk factors of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) in Under-fives in a Rural Hospital of Central India. Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine (JPNIM), 5(1), e050105.

Wulandhani, S., & Purnamasari, A. B. (2019). Analisis Faktor Risiko Kejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut ditinjau dari Lingkungan Fisik. Sainsmat: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, 8(2), 70–81.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33387/tjp.v9i1.1654

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Techno: Jurnal Penelitian

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TECHNO: Jurnal Penelitian

ISSN 1978-6107 (Print)

ISSN 2580-7129 (Elektronik)

Published by: LPPM Universitas Khairun

Jalan Yusuf Abdurrahman Kampus II Unkhair, Kelurahan Gambesi, 97722 Kecamatan Kota Ternate Selatan, Provinsi Maluku Utara

Email: techno@unkhair.ac.id

URL: http://ejournal.unkhair.ac.id/index.php/Techno

  

Creative Commons License
Techno Jurnal Penelitian is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.