Study of the Bioconversion Process of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) Larvae in Decomposition of Various Variations of Organic Waste

Wildan Muhlison, Listya Purnamasari, Irwanto Sucipto, Tri Wahyu Saputra, Nanda Khoirun Nisa Ahmad

Abstract


Poor waste management will affect various aspects such as environmental pollution due to piles of garbage that disturb the community. It needs a waste treatment process and one of them is the bioconversion process. This process uses the biological agent Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens). This research was conducted with three organic matter variations, namely tofu pulp, eggplant pulp, and pumpkin pulp as bioconversion media. The ability of BSF larvae in bioconversion organic waste can be seen from several parameters, namely temperature, media pH, larvae weight growth, WRI (Waste Reduction Index), survival rate, consumption substrate and feed residue. The results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA test then the Least Significant Difference (LSD) test with a significance level of 95%. The research results with different bioconversion media are significantly different results on the ability of BSF larvae in the decomposition process. Tofu pulp media show the best results compared to other media with suitable conditions for the decomposition process with a final temperature of 28.8 oC, pH 7, weight growth 28.35%, WRI 5.38%, and 80.71% substrate consumption.

Keywords


Bioconversion, BSF, Waste, Residue

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, F., Utami, D. P., & Komala, N. A. (2018). Pengaruh Penambahan EM4 dan Larutan Gula pada Pembuatan Pupuk Kompos dari Limbah Industri Crumb Rubber. Jurnal Teknik Kimia, 24(2), 47-55. https://doi.org/10.36706/jtk.v24i2.431

Ariany, Z. (2019). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Berwawasan Lingkungan di Desa Puncel Kabupaten Pati. Jurnal Pengabdian Vokasi. 1(2), 69–72.

Anwar, E. K. (2009). Efektivitas Cacing Tanah Pheretima Hupiensis, Edrellus sp. dan Lumbricus sp. dalam Proses Dekomposisi Bahan Organik. Journal of Tropical Soils, 14(2), 149-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2009.v14i2.149-158

Cheng, J. Y. K., Chiu, S. L. H., & Lo, I. M. C. (2017). Effects of Moisture Content of Food Waste on Residue Separation, Larval Growth, and Larval Survival in Black Soldier Fly Bioconversion. Waste Management, 67, 315–323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.05.046

Diener, S., Solano, N. M. S., Gutiérrez, F. R., Zurbrügg, C., & Tockner, K. (2011). Biological Treatment of Municipal Organic Waste Using Black Soldier Fly Larvae. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 2(4), 357-363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-011-9079-1

Diener, S., Zurbrügg, C., & Tockner, K. (2009). Conversion of Organic Material by Black Soldier Fly Larvae: Establishing Optimal Feeding Rates. Waste Management & Research, 27(6), 603-610. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0734242X09103838

Dortmans, B., Diener, S., Verstappen, B., & Zurbrügg, C. (2017). Black Soldier Fly Biowaste Processing. Swiss: Eawag–Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology

Gold, M., Cassar, C. M., Zurbrügg, C., Kreuzer, M., Boulos, S., Diener, S., & Mathys, A. (2020). Biowaste treatment with black soldier fly larvae: Increasing performance through the formulation of biowastes based on protein and carbohydrates. Waste Management, 102, 319-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.10.036

Gold, M., Tomberlin, J. K., Diener, S., Zurbrügg, C., & Mathys, A. (2018). Decomposition of Biowaste Macronutrients, Microbes, and Chemicals in Black Soldier Fly Larval Treatment: A Review. Waste Management, 82, 302–318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2018.10.022

Hakim, A. R., Prasetya, A., & Petrus, H. T. B. M. (2017). Studi Laju Umpan pada Proses Biokonversi Limbah Pengolahan Tuna Menggunakan Larva Hermetia Illucens. Jurnal Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan, 12(2), 179–192. https://doi.org/10.15578/jpbkp.v12i2.469

Jalaluddin, J., ZA, N., & Syafrina, R. (2017). Pengolahan Sampah Organik Buah- Buahan Menjadi Pupuk Dengan Menggunakan Effektive Mikroorganisme. Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal, 5(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.29103/jtku.v5i1.76

Kastolani, W. (2019). Utilization of BSF to Reduce Organic Waste in Order to Restoration of the Citarum River Ecosystem. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 286(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/286/1/012017

Kinasih, I., Putra, R. E., Permana, A. D., Gusmara, F. F., Nurhadi, M. Y., & Anitasari, R. A. (2018). Growth Performance of Black Soldier Fly Larvae (Hermetia Illucens) Fed on Some Plant Based Organic Wastes. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences, 25(2), 79–84. https://doi.org/10.4308/hjb.25.2.79

Lalander, C. H., Fidjeland, J., Diener, S., Eriksson, S., & Vinnerås, B. (2015). High Waste-To-Biomass Conversion and Efficient Salmonella Spp. Reduction Using Black Soldier Fly For Waste Recycling. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35(1), 261–271. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-014-0235-4

Meneguz, M., Gasco, L., & Tomberlin, J. K. (2018). Impact of pH and feeding system on black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens, L; Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larval development. PloS one, 13(8), e0202591. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202591

Nurjazuli, Awiyatul, A., Juliana, C., Pertiwi, K. D., Samosir, K., Prasetyawati, P., & Pertiwi, S. (2016). Teknologi Pengolahan Sampah Organik Menjadi Kompos Cair (Organic Waste Treatment Technology Toward Liquid Compost). Sains dan Teknologi Lingkungan, 4–7.

Parra Paz, A. S., Carrejo, N. S., & Gómez Rodríguez, C. H. (2015). Effects of Larval Density and Feeding Rates on the Bioconversion of Vegetable Waste Using Black Soldier Fly Larvae Hermetia illucens (L.), (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Waste and Biomass Valorization, 6(6), 1059–1065. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-015-9418-8

Permana, A. D., & Ramadhani Eka Putra, J. E. N. (2018). Growth of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) Larvae Fed on Spent Coffee Ground. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 187(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/187/1/012070

Popa, R., & Green, T. R. (2012). Using Black Soldier Fly Larvae for Processing Organic Leachates. Journal of Economic Entomology, 105(2), 374–378. https://doi.org/10.1603/EC11192

Prayitno, A. H., Prasetyo, B., Sutirtoadi, A., & Sa’Roni, A. (2019). Pengaruh Pemberian Tofu dregs Fermentasi Sebagai Pakan Konvensonal Terhadap Biaya Produksi Itik Pedaging. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan, 2(2), 50–56. https://doi.org/10.25047/jipt.v2i2.1475

Rahayu, D. E., & Sukmono, Y. (2013). Kajian Potensi Pemanfaatan Sampah Organik Pasar Berdasarkan Karakteristiknya (Studi Kasus Pasar Segiri Kota Samarinda). Jurnal Sains &Teknologi Lingkungan, 5(2), 77–90. https://doi.org/10.20885/jstl.vol5.iss2.art2

Ritika, P., & Rajendra, S. S. P. (2015). Study on Occurrence of Black Soldier Fly Larvae in Composting of Kitchen Waste. International Journal of Research in Biosciences, 4(4), 38–45.

Spranghers, T., Ottoboni, M., Klootwijk, C., Ovyn, A., Deboosere, S., De Meulenaer, B., … De Smet, S. (2017). Nutritional Composition of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens) Prepupae Reared on Different Organic Waste Substrates. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97(8), 2594–2600. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8081

Supriyatna, A., & Putra, R. E. (2017). Estimasi Pertumbuhan Larva Lalat Black Soldier (Hermetia illucens) dan Penggunaan Pakan Jerami Padi yang Difermentasi dengan Jamur P. chrysosporium. Jurnal Biodjati, 2(2), 159. https://doi.org/10.15575/biodjati.v2i2.1569

Terra, W. R., Espinoza‐Fuentes, F. P., & Ferreira, C. (1988). Midgut Amylase, Lysozyme, Aminopeptidase, and Trehalase from Larvae and Adults of Musca Domestica. Archives of insect biochemistry and physiology, 9(4), 283-297. https://doi.org/10.1002/arch.940090404

Tomberlin, J. K., Sheppard, D. C., & Joyce, J. A. (2002). Selected Life-History Traits of Black Soldier Flies (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Reared on Three Artificial Diets. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 95(3), 379–386. https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2002)095[0379:SLHTOB]2.0.CO;2

Yuwono, A. S., & Mentari, P. D. (2018). Penggunaan Larva (Maggot) Black Soldier Fly (BSF) dalam Pengolahan Limbah Organik. Bogor (ID): Seameo Biotrop.

Yuwono, A. S., & Mentari, P. D. (2018). Penggunaan Larva (Maggot) Black Soldier Fly (BSF) dalam Pengolahan Limbah Organik.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33387/tjp.v10i2.2803

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Wildan Muhlison

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TECHNO: Jurnal Penelitian

ISSN 1978-6107 (Print)

ISSN 2580-7129 (Elektronik)

Published by: LPPM Universitas Khairun

Jalan Yusuf Abdurrahman Kampus II Unkhair, Kelurahan Gambesi, 97722 Kecamatan Kota Ternate Selatan, Provinsi Maluku Utara

Email: techno@unkhair.ac.id

URL: http://ejournal.unkhair.ac.id/index.php/Techno

  

Creative Commons License
Techno Jurnal Penelitian is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.