Analisis Kenerja Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) Pada Sistem Photovoltaic Standalone Berbasis Algoritme Perturb And Observe (P&O)

Agim Tetuko, Djuniadi Djuniadi, Esa Apriaskar


A solar power plant or photovoltaic (PV) is a generator that converts energy from light into pollution-free electrical energy. However, changes in the intensity of solar radiation and ambeint temperature Photovoltaic (PV) which are not linear are the main problems of PV systems in efficient energy conversion that occurs. Control using the Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) method based on the Perturb and Observe (P&O) algorithm which is applied to overcome these problems. Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) itself is a technique for tracking the maximum output power point of the PV system. MPPT will change the working point so that the converter will force the work of the solar panels according to their ability to always reach the maximum power point. MPPT is not a mechanical system that makes the solar panel system move according to the direction of the sun's intensity, but an electronic system that works to optimize the power output from the solar panel. Meanwhile, Algorithm (P&O) works by detecting and disturbing the PV voltage periodically by varying its duty cycle, as well as observing the PV power to be able to increase and decrease the PV voltage in the next 3 cycles. This paper presents an analysis of the MPPT P&O performance with a standalone system implemented in the campus area. In this study, the applied PV system was able to produce a maximum power of 1626.087 Watts under optimal irradiation conditions and temperature. As well as testing the PV system under radiation and temperature conditions in the location study, namely FT UNNES. The maximum power of the PV system is 227.585 Watt.


Photovoltaic (PV); MPPT; Perturb and Observe (P&O);


J. Surya Kumari and C. Sai Babu, “Design and investigation of improved perturb & observe MPPT algorithm for photovoltaic systems,†J. Electr. Eng., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 296–303, 2014.

IRENA, “Renewable Energy Market Analysis: Southeast Asia,†IRENA, pp. 1–168, 2018.

ESDM, “Indonesia Energy Out Look 2019,†J. Chem. Inf. Model., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1689–1699, 2019, doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.

A. J. Veldhuis and A. H. M. E. Reinders, “Reviewing the potential and cost-effectiveness of grid-connected solar PV in Indonesia on a provincial level,†Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 27, pp. 315–324, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.06.010.

Syarif, Irwan, and Andi Nur Putri. "Konfigurasi Optimal Pembangkitan Hybrid Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya Fotovoltaik Dan Diesel Berbasis Algoritma Genetika." Patria Artha Technological Journal 2.2 (2018): 101-108.

Muhammad Ihsan Fadriantam, “Analisis Perbandingan Kinerja Algoritme Perturb And Observe (P&O) Dan Incremental Conductance (IC) Pada Sistem Kendali Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) Untuk Sistem Photovoltaic (PV) Paralel,†J. Chem. Inf. Model., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1689–1699, 2013.

R. H. G. Tan, C. K. Er, and S. G. Solanki, “Modeling of Photovoltaic MPPT Lead Acid Battery Charge Controller for Standalone System Applications,†E3S Web Conf., vol. 182, pp. 1–7, 2020, doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202018203005.

R. T. Widodo, P. Sejati, Asmuniv, and Rugianto, “Maximum Power Point Tracker Sel Surya Menggunakan Algoritma Perturb and Observe,†Ind. Electron. Semin., no. 1, 2009.

M. A. Hapsari, “Desain Dan Penilaian Building Attach Photovoltaic System Berbasis Fuzzy-Ahp Sebagai ( Studi Kasus : Gedung-Gedung Teknik Elektro Unnes ) Photovoltaic System Berbasis Fuzzy-Ahp,†2019.

I. Amin, N. Harun, and A. Suyuti, “Indonesia Berbasis Analisis RETScreen International: The Study of Renewable Energy Potential in Eastern,†2016.

K. G. Jayanth and B. Venkatesh, “Performance Analysis of Solar Module with Climatic Data,†pp. 3468–3476, 2017, doi: 10.15662/IJAREEIE.2017.0605049.

D. Erdogan, “Research on Building Integrated Photovoltaic Systems and Their Performance Evaluation,†2009.

T. Erge, W. Weiß, F. I. N. Porvoo, and J. Royer, PHOTOVOLTAIC IN BUILDINGS: A Design Handbook for Architects and Engineers, 16th ed. Germany: XYZ Publishing Company.

Usman, U., and Mochammad Apriyadi Hadi Sirad. "Characteristic Testing Of Simulation-Based Photovoltaic Models." In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 1125, no. 1, p. 012064. IOP Publishing, 2021..

Syarif, Irwan, and Andi Nur Putri. "Desain Simulasi Stabilitas Frekuensi Beban Hybrid PLTS Dengan PLTD." PROtek: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Elektro 7.1 : 45-50. 2020.

Google Maps, “Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Semarang,†2020.

M. Klever, “Design and simulation of a grid- connected PV system in South Africa: technical, commercial and economical aspects,†Master Thesis, 2018.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 agim tetuko, Djuniadi Djuniadi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office :
PROtek : Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Elektro
Department of Electrical Engineering. Faculty of Engineering. Universitas Khairun.
Address: Jusuf Abdulrahman 53 Gambesi, Ternate City, Indonesia.
Email:, WhatsApp: +6282292852552
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Stat Protek